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Elements & Principles of Design

Lesson Title
Introduction

Elements of Design

4 Elements of Design:

  1. Line
  2. Shape and Form
  3. Texture
  4. Color
Line:
Lines describe the edges or contours of shapes. They show how an object will look when it has been made. Lines can also be used to create some special effects. For example straight lines suggest strength, direction, and stability.
 
Shape and Form:
All objects occupy space or possess volume. Shape is two dimensional, and form is three dimensional.
 
Texture:
Texture refers to the way a surface feels or looks. Surfaces can be rough smooth, hard slippery, fuzzy, or coarse.
 
Color:
We only see color when light shines on objects. Sunlight appears to be white. In fact, itiis a mixture of seven different colors. All objects react to light by either absorbing or reflecting the various bands of light.
  • Primary Colors
  • Secondary Colors
  • Tertiary Color
  • Complementary Colors

Principles of Design
6 Principles of Design:
  1. Balance
  2. Proportion
  3. Harmony and Contrast
  4. Pattern
  5. Movement and Rhythm
  6. Unity and Style
6 Principles of Design:
  1. Balance
  2. Proportion
  3. Harmony and Contrast
  4. Pattern
  5. Movement and Rhythm
  6. Unity and Style

 
Vocabulary Terms
 
 
Review Questions

What are the four elements of design?

Draw an example of the Line element that shows strength.

Draw an example of the Shape and Form element that shows Texture

Draw an example of the Shape and Form element that shows Texture

What are the six principles of design?

Balance

Proportion

Harmony and Contrast

Pattern

Movement and Rhythm

Unity and Style

 
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